Fortuna was the goddess of fortune and personification of luck in Roman religion. She might bring good or bad luck and consequently was also a goddess of fate.
Fortuna‘s identity as personification of chance events was closely tied to virtus, a specific virtue in Ancient Rome of strength of character. Public officials who lacked virtues, invited ill-fortune on themselves and Rome.
Carmina Burana is the name given to a manuscript of 254 poems and dramatic texts mostly from the 11th or 12th century. They were written principally in Medieval Latin; a few in Middle High German, and some with traces of Old French or Provençal.