Children’s expanding cognitive abilities allow them to understand Time more clearly. –
Two- and three-year-olds’ understanding of Time is mainly limited to ‘now and not now.’ –
Five- and six-year-olds can grasp the ideas of past, present, and future. –
Seven- to ten-year-olds can use clocks and calendars. –
Very young children literally ‘live in Time’ before gaining an Awareness of its passing. A child will first experience the passing of time when he or she can subjectively perceive and reflect on the unfolding of a collection of events. A child’s Awareness of Time develops during childhood when the child’s attention and short-term memory capacities form.
Psychologists have found that the subjective perception of the passing of time Time tends to speed up with increasing age in Humans. This often causes people to increasingly underestimate a given interval of Time as they age. This fact can likely be attributed to a variety of age-related changes in the aging brain.
In an experimental study involving a group of subjects aged between 19 and 24 and a group between 60 and 80, the participants’ abilities to estimate 3 minutes of Time were compared. The study found that an average of 3 minutes and 3 seconds passed when participants in the younger group estimated that 3 minutes had passed, whereas the older group’s estimate for when 3 minutes had passed came after an average of 3 minutes and 40 seconds.