1875-08-04 Copenhagen, Denmark / The Nightingale / Die Nachtigall / O Rouxinol / El Ruiseñor

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Hans Christian Andersen is best remembered for his fairy tales, who have been translated into more than 125 languages, and have become culturally embedded in the West's collective Consciousness, readily accessible to children, but presenting lessons of virtue and resilience in the face of adversity for mature readers as well. His stories have inspired ballets, plays, and ...

1944-07-31 Île de Riou, France / The little Prince / Der kleine Prinz / Le petit Prince / El Principito

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On 30 December 1935, at 2:45 a.m., after 19 hours and 44 minutes in the air, Saint-Exupéry, along with his mechanic-navigator André Prévot, crashed in the Libyan desert, during an attempt to break the speed record in a Paris-to-Saigon air race and win a prize of 150,000 francs. Both Saint-Exupéry and Prévot miraculously survived the crash, only to face ...

1918-07-17 Ekaterinburg, Russia / The Path of Love and Blood / Der Weg der Liebe und des Blutes / O caminho do amor e do Sangue / El camino del amor y la Sangre

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On 14 May 1896, the day of the coronation, in all churches in St. Petersburg, the liturgy was read and prayers of thanksgiving recited. The ceremony began at 10 am; the emperor, his mother, and his wife seated on thrones on a special raised platform installed in the middle of the cathedral. At the end ...

1954-05-25 Thai Binh, Vietnam / The falling Soldier / Der fallende Soldat / O soldado Caindo / Muerte de un Miliciano

The photo appears to capture a Republican soldier at the very moment of death. The soldier is shown collapsing backward after being fatally shot in the head, with his rifle slipping out of his right hand. I was there in the trench with about twenty milicianos … I just kind of put my camera above my head and ...

1865-05-23 Washington D.C., USA / Grand Review / Grosse Revision / Grande Revisão / Gran Revisión

Space for mindful reflection and review becomes an increasingly scarce commodity. A cup of tea, ambient music, or a candle can help to generate a calm, contemplative atmosphere; use any external reinforcements you need to boost your internal focus. This is your chance to choose your reality and actively create your memories for yourself. This is ...

1961-05-04 Washington DC, USA / Freedom Riders / Freiheitsreisende / Viajantes da Liberdade / Viajeros de la Libertad

The original group of 13 Freedom Riders - seven African Americans and six whites - left Washington, D.C., on a Greyhound bus on May 4, 1961. Their plan was to reach New Orleans, Louisiana, on May 17 to commemorate the seventh anniversary of the Supreme Court’s decision, which ruled that segregation of the nation’s public ...

1912-04-15 North Atlantic Ocean / The ship that was Unsinkable / Das Schiff war Unsinkbar / O navio que era Inafundável / El barco que era Insumergible

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Titanic has gone down in history as the ship that was called unsinkable. For more than 100 years, she has been the inspiration of fiction and non-fiction. Titanic's sinking has become a cultural phenomenon, commemorated by artists, film-makers, writers, composers, musicians and dancers from the time immediately after the sinking to the present day. On ...

1953-03-05 Moscow, Russia / Peter and the Wolf / Peter und der Wolf / Pedro e o Lobo / Pedro y el Lobo

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Born in 1891 and several years younger than most of his class, Prokofiev was viewed as eccentric and arrogant, and annoyed a number of his classmates by keeping statistics on their errors. As a member of the Saint Petersburg music scene, Prokofiev developed early a reputation as musical rebel. In 1909 he graduated in composition ...

1942-01-20 Berlin, Germany / Final Solution / Endlösung / Solução Final / Solución Final

The plans to exterminate all the Jews of Europe was formalized at the Wannsee Conference, held at an SS guesthouse near Berlin, on 20 January 1942. The conference was chaired by Heydrich and attended by 15 senior officials of the Nazi Party and the German government. Most of those attending were representatives of the Interior Ministry, the Foreign ...

1957-01-14 Los Angeles, USA / The sea is a Sanctuary / Das Meer ist ein Heilgtum / O mar é um Santuário / El mar es un Santuario

Bogart met Lauren Bacall while filming 'To Have and Have Not' (1944), a loose adaptation of the Ernest Hemingway novel. When they met, Bacall was 19 and Bogart 44. He nicknamed her 'Baby'. She had been a model since 16 and had acted in two failed plays. Bogart was drawn to Bacall's high cheekbones, green eyes, tawny blond hair, and lean ...

1750-01-13 São Miguel das Missões, Brazil / Gabriel’s Oboe / In My Fantasy / Em minha Fantasia / Nella Fantasia

The Mission is based on events surrounding the Spanish - Portuguese treaty of 1750 or 'Treaty of Madrid', a document signed in the Spanish capital by Ferdinand VI of Spain and John V of Portugal on 13 January 1750 in which Spain ceded part of Jesuit Paraguay to Portugal, to end to the armed conflict between the Spanish and Portuguese empires in South America. The Treaty of Madrid was significant because ...

1914-12-24 Saint-Yves, Belgium / Live and let Live / Leben und leben Lassen / Viver e deixar Viver / Vivir y dejar vivir

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To live and let live, you must change the way you see the World. You need the lens of Love, kindness, empathy and compassion. Embrace the differences between you and other people. Maybe they do not see what you see. Maybe they do not want the same things as you. Maybe they have a different life ...

1916-12-07 St. Petersburg, Russia / Brothers will kill Brothers / Brüder werden Brüder Töten / Irmãos matarão Irmãos / Hermanos mataran Hermanos

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Rasputin had very little schooling and was unable to read or write. At age 16 he was arrested for theft, and the citizens of Pokrovskoe appealed to the authorities to excommunicate and exile him. Rasputin was sentenced to three months in prison, which was later commuted to serving his term at Verkhoturye Monastery in Siberia. Rasputin ...

1791-12-05 Wien, Austria / The magic Flute / Die Zauberflöte / A flauta Mágica / La flauta Mágica

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Mozart fell ill while in Prague for the 6 September 1791 premiere of his opera La clemenza di Tito. He continued his professional functions for some time and conducted the premiere of The Magic Flute on 30 September 1791 at Schikaneder's theatre, the Freihaus-Theater in Vienna. Mozart's worst symptoms of illness soon returned, together with the strong feeling that ...

1863-11-19 Gettysburg, USA / New birth of Freedom / Neue Geburt der Freiheit / Novo nascimento da Liberdade / Nuevo nacimiento de la Libertad

The civil rights of women, immigrants, American Indians, and many other groups also hung in the balance following the Civil War, and they continue to be discussed today. When looking at the term 'New Birth of Freedom' with regards to American Indians, things get a lot more complicated. When the 14th amendment was passed granting African Americans the right ...

1862-09-17 Antietam, USA / My brother’s Keeper / Der Hüter meines Bruders / Guarda do meu Irmão / Guardián de mi Hermano

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Cain and Abel are the quintessential brothers of the Western World. God asks Cain where his brother Abel is right after Cain killed him. Cain answered with an outright lie! He said he did not know when in fact he knew. Not only did Cain lie, he responded to God with an air of indifference and ...

1945-09-02 Tokio Bay, Japan / The good Comrade / Der gute Kamerad / O bom Camarada / El buen Camarada

The song is about the immediate experience of a soldier losing a comrade in battle, detached from all political or national ideology; as a result, its use was never limited to one particular faction and was sung or cited by representatives of all political backgrounds throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, and was translated for ...

1890-07-29 Auvers-sur-Oise, France / The sadness will last Forever / Die Traurigkeit bleibt für Immer / A tristeza durará para Sempre / La tristeza durará para Siempre

Van Gogh was unsuccessful during his lifetime, and was considered a madman and a failure. He became famous after his suicide, and exists in the public imagination as the quintessential misunderstood genius, the artist where discourses on madness and creativity converge. Born into an upper-middle-class family, Van Gogh drew as a child and was serious, quiet ...

1431-05-30 Rouen, France / Maid of Orléans / Jungfrau von Orleans / Dama de Orleans / Doncella de Orleans

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Heresy was a capital crime only for a repeat offense, therefore a repeat offense of 'cross-dressing' was now arranged by the court, according to the eyewitnesses. Joan of Arc agreed to wear feminine clothing when she abjured, which created a problem. According to the later descriptions of some of the tribunal members, she had previously been wearing male ...

1953-05-04 Havanna, Cuba / The Old Man and The Sea / Der alte Mann und das Meer / O Velho e o Mar / El viejo y el Mar

The Old Man and the Sea is a short novel written by the American author Ernest Hemingway in 1951 in Bimini, Bahamas. It was the last major work of fiction by Hemingway that was published during his lifetime. One of his most famous works, it tells the story of Santiago, an aging Cuban fisherman who struggles ...

1998-04-27 Los Angeles, USA / You have found the Spot / Du hast den Ort Gefunden / Você encontrou o Lugar / Has encontrado el Lugar

Carlos Castaneda's 12 books have sold more than 28 million copies in 17 languages. Critics have suggested that they are works of fiction; supporters claim the books are either true or at least valuable works of philosophy and descriptions of practices which lead one to an Awareness of energies, beings and Worlds which lie outside ...

1955-04-18 Princeton, USA / It is time to Go / Es ist Zeit zu Gehen / È hora de Ir / Es tiempo de Irse

'I want to go when I want. It is tasteless to prolong life artificially. I have done my share, it is time to go. I will do it elegantly.' Einstein refused surgery and died in Princeton Hospital early in the morning of 17th of April 1955 at the age of 76, having continued to work ...

1912-03-30 Radebeul, Germany / My Brother / Mein Bruder / Meu Irmão / Mi Hermano

In 1856, Karl May commenced teacher training but in 1859 was expelled for stealing six candles but after appealing was allowed to continue. Shortly after graduation, when his roommate accused him of stealing a watch, he was jailed in Chemnitz for six weeks and his license to teach was permanently revoked. After this, Karl May worked with little ...

1827-03-26 Vienna, Austria / Immortal Beloved / Unsterbliche Geliebte / Amada Imortal / Amado Inmortal

The Immortal Beloved is the mysterious addressee of a Love letter which Ludwig van Beethoven wrote on 6 – 7 of July 1812 in Teplitz. The apparently unsent letter was found in the composer's estate after his death. The two candidates favored by most scholars are Antonie Brentano and Josephine Brunsvik. Other candidates are Julie (Giulietta) Guicciardi, Therese Brunsvik, Amalie Sebald, Dorothea von ...