I think, therefore I Am / Ich denke, also bin Ich / Penso, portanto Sou / Pienso, por lo tanto Soy

Consciousness is an elusive concept, and efforts towards understanding it swing between philosophy and neuroscience, between thought experiments and measurable tests of brain activity. Philosophers and scientists are continually coming up with new theories on why or how they think that the physical brain can bring the metaphysical mind into being. During his entire life, Descartes ...

1960-01-04 Villeblevin, France / Response to the Absurd / Antwort auf das Absurde / Resposta ao Absurdo / Respuesta al Absurdo

Camus died on 4 January 1960 at the age of 46, in a car accident near Sens, in Le Grand Fossard in the small town of Villeblevin. In his coat pocket was an unused train ticket. He had planned to travel by train with his wife and children, but at the last minute he accepted his publisher's ...

A World Apart / Eine Welt für Sich / Um mundo Distante / Un mundo Aparte

The actual World is the best possible World, God could not have created anything better. The best possible World is sometimes characterized as containing the most harmony, that is, as much variety and as much order as possible, containing the most essence and possibility. The actual World is the best possible World and thus the most suitable object of God's choice. ...

The greatest Skill of All / Die größte Fähigkeit von Allen / A maior habilidade de Todos / La mejor habilidad de Todos

When someone practises their will against the World in a manner that is out of rhythm with the cycles of change, they may disrupt that harmony and unintended consequences may more likely result rather than the willed outcome. Taoism does not identify one's will as the root problem. Rather, Taoism asserts that one must place their will ...

Existence is Weird / Existenz ist Seltsam / Existência é Estranha / Existencia es Extraña

The reason why certain people turn to philosophy - why I became a philosopher - was that, since I was a little boy, I always felt that existence as such was weird. I mean, here we are - isn’t that odd? Of course it’s odd. What do you mean by odd? Well, it’s what’s different from even. ...

Existence is Relationship / Existenz ist Beziehung / Existência é um Relacionamento / Existencia es Relación

It has become extremely plausible that this trip between the maternity ward and the crematorium is what there is to life. But when you consider this attitude, you know, what is the poetic counterpart of it? Man is a little germ that lives on an unimportant rock ball that revolves about an insignificant star on ...

1986-02-17 Ojai, USA / The Mirror of Reality / Der Spiegel der Wirklichkeit / O Espelho da Realidade / El espejo de la Realidad

Man cannot come to it through any organization, through any creed, through any dogma, priest or ritual, not through any philosophical knowledge or psychological technique. He has to find it through the mirror of relationship, through the understanding of the contents of his own mind, through observation and not through intellectual analysis or introspective dissection. Man ...

Myth of human Nature / Mythos der menschlichen Natur / Mito da natureza Humana / Mito de la naturaleza Humana

Human nature refers to the distinguishing characteristics including ways of thinking, feeling, and acting, which Humans tend to have naturally. The questions of whether there are natural characteristics, what these natural characteristics are, and what causes them are among the oldest and most important questions in philosophy, economy, ethics, politics, theology and science. Human nature is a central question in Chinese philosophy. Human nature was considered ...

Before the universe Began / Bevor das Universum Begann / Antes que o universo Começasse / Antes de que el universo Comenzara

How can we understand the World in which we find ourselves? How does the universe behave? What is the nature of reality? Where did all this come from? Traditionally these were questions for philosophy, but philosophy is dead, philosophy has not kept up with modern developments in science, particularly physics. philosophy of cosmology is a new ...

What Is Thinking / Was ist Denken / O que é Pensar / Qué está pensando

So, one has to enquire, if you're not too tired - what is thinking? - Probably nobody has asked this question. - Very few people do. - Don't wait for me to answer it. - look at it, observe it. -   Thinking is part of memory, isn't it? Investigate it with the speaker, please, don't sit there comfortably, or uncomfortably. Thinking is ...

Foundation of Philosophy / Grundlage der Philosophie / Fundação da Filosofia / Fundación de la Filosofía

It has become extremely plausible that this trip between the maternity ward and the crematorium is what there is to life. But, when you consider this attitude, you know, what is the poetic counterpart of it … Man is a little germ, that lives on an unimportant rock ball, that revolves about an insignificant star on ...

Silence / Ruhe / Silêncio / Silencio

Silence, the greatest happiness on earth very often comes only through solitude into the heart / Ruhe, das höchste Glück auf Erden kommt sehr oft nur durch die Einsamkeit in das Herz / Silêncio, a maior felicidade no mundo muitas vezes só vem através de solidão no coração / Silencio, la mayor felicidad en el mundo muchas vezes ...